Problem Statement: There are two jugs (suppose capacity of 3 and 5) and we need to fill the jug in such a way that 5 litres capacity jug should contain 4 litres of water.

import java.util.*;

class

**WaterJug**{
public static void main(String sap[]){

Scanner sc = new Scanner(System.in);

// j1 is capacity of small tank

System.out.print("\nEnter odd capacity of small tank: ");

int j1 = sc.nextInt();

// j2 is capacity of large tank

System.out.print("\nEnter odd capacity of large tank: ");

int j2 = sc.nextInt();

// count takes care of number of iterations

int count = j1 + j2;

/* jug1 array would hold the values for smaller tank and jug2 array would hold the values for larger tank */

int jug1[] = new int[count];

int jug2[] = new int[count];

int i=0;

// initialzing jug1 and jug2 array

jug1[i] = j1;

jug2[i] = 0;

i++;

jug1[i] = 0;

jug2[i] = j1;

i++;

while(i < count){

if(jug1[i-1] > 0){

// if jug1 has any amount of water i.e. it is not empty

jug1[i] = jug1[i-1];

jug2[i] = 0;

}

else{

// jug1 is fully empty

jug1[i] = j1;

jug2[i] = jug2[i-1];

}

i++;

if(jug2[i-1] > 0){

// if jug2 has any amount of water i.e. it is not empty

if(jug1[i-1] + jug2[i-1] < j2){

// final result obtained

jug2[i] = jug1[i-1] + jug2[i-1];

jug1[i] = 0;

}

else{

int temp = jug2[i-1];

temp = j2 - temp;

jug2[i] = temp + jug2[i-1];

jug1[i] = jug1[i-1] - temp;

}

}

else{

// jug2 is fully empty

jug2[i] = jug1[i-1];

jug1[i] = 0;

}

i++;

}

// display final result

for(i=0; i<count; i++){

System.out.print("\nJUG1: "+jug1[i]+"\tJUG2: "+jug2[i]);

}

System.out.println();

}

}

**Output:**

Enter odd capacity of small tank: 3

Enter odd capacity of large tank: 5

JUG1: 3 JUG2: 0

JUG1: 0 JUG2: 3

JUG1: 3 JUG2: 3

JUG1: 1 JUG2: 5

JUG1: 1 JUG2: 0

JUG1: 0 JUG2: 1

JUG1: 3 JUG2: 1

JUG1: 0 JUG2: 4